Machine to Machine communications, often termed M2M/IoT is going to be the next generation of Internet revolution connecting more and more devices on Internet. M2M communications refer to automated applications which involve machines or devices communicating through a network without human intervention. Sensors and communication modules are embedded within M2M devices, enabling data to be transmitted from one device to another device through wired and wireless communications networks.
M2M is expected to revolutionize the performance of various sectors, businesses and services, by providing automation and intelligence to the end devices, in a way that was never imagined before. It may be applied to robots and conveyor belts on the factory floor, to tractors and irrigation on the farm, from heavy equipment to hand drills, from jet engines to bus fleets; from home appliances to health monitoring; from Smart Grid to Smart Water; every piece of equipment, everywhere.It can bring substantial tangible social and economic benefits by giving more efficient and effective services to the citizens.
NT cell deals with all policy and regulatory aspects related to M2M communications. A National Telecom M2M Roadmap in this regards is already released in May 2015. Post release of M2M roadmap, NT cell is engaged in formulation of KYC Norms for SIM embedded M2M Devices, Numbering scheme for M2M, Registration of MSP (M2M Service Provider) and M2M Pilots. DoT has sought from TRAI its recommendations on Roaming issues, Spectrum Requirement and Quality of Service (QoS) in M2M communications. Consequently, TRAI released its consultation paper titled ‘Spectrum, Roaming and QoS related requirements in Machine-to-Machine (M2M) Communications’ in October 2016. TRAI released its recommendations on ‘Spectrum, Roaming and QoS related requirements in Machine-to-Machine (M2M) Communications’ on 5th September, 2017 (available on its website www.trai.gov.in).